Leg with knee. For amputations above the knee, the prosthesis has both a knee and ankle joint. Currently there are more than 100 prosthetic ankle, foot, and knee models. Some use fluid or hydraulic-controlled devices that let users vary their walking speed. Others use computerized parts that let the user make rapid real-time adjustments while walking. long sleeve wedding collections with lace
Arm and hand. The oldest and most commonly used prosthetic arm is operated with the body's own movements and a harness that ex ... tends in a figure eight across the back and under the opposite arm. Others use a rechargeable battery to run small motors in the prosthetic hand or hook. The battery improves grip strength.
Choosing and Using a Prosthesis
A number of factors are involved in choosing a prosthesis. They include:
The location and level of the amputation
The condition of the remaining limb
Your activity level, particularly for a prosthetic leg or foot
Your specific goals and needs
Prostheses are designed and fitted by a specialist called a prosthetist. The fitting process typically begins in the hospital shortly after amputation. It involves:
Measuring the stump and the healthy opposite limb
Making a plaster mold
Fashioning the socket
Attaching the shaft
Aligning the prosthesis
Depending on your comfort and how well your wound is healing, you may begin to practice with your artificial limb as early as 10 to 14 days after surgery. A physical or occupational therapist will train you on how to use and care for it.
Prosthetic Comfort and Care
To gain the greatest benefits of the new limb and help prevent problems, it is important to take care of the device, the amputation site, and your general health by doing the following every day:
Remove the prosthesis before going to bed. Examine the device for loose parts or damage. Examine the stump for blisters or other signs of irritation.
Clean and put a small amount of lotion on the stump and massage the skin.
Place a bandage on the stump to decrease swelling when you are not wearing the prosthesis.
Regularly inspect the skin of the stump to look for sores or wounds. You may need to have someone else help you look or use a mirror.
Practice exercises recommended by your physical therapist. These will include exercises for stretching, range of motion, body positioning, and endurance.
For leg prostheses, wear proper fitting shoes and never change the height of your heels. The prosthesis is designed for one heel height only.
Clean the prosthesis' socket with soap and water.
Wear clean dry socks with the prosthesis.
It is also important to maintain a stable body weight. This will help to keep the prosthesis fitting properly. You should also have the prosthesis examined and serviced once a year to make sure it is in proper working order.